The second grade forms the second layer of the foundation of a child’s primary education. In the second grade, children are usually 7 to 8 years old. Students are taught subjects such as Math, Science, Geography and Social Studies. In Math, they are introduced to larger numbers (building up on what was taught to them in the first grade) and fundamental operations such as addition and subtraction. They are also taught measurement of time, length, distance, weight and temperature along with additional basic concepts of geometry. In terms of reading skills, they are introduced to basic grammar skills and cursive writing. The focus on developing reading skills lays emphasis on reading for better comprehension. The subject of Science helps them explore basic earth and space sciences along with planets and the weather system. In Social Studies, children are provided with a basic understanding of the government and current events. They are also given a basic understanding of American history and are taught about some noteworthy American Presidents. The subject of Geography includes learning about the different continents, oceans and countries across the world
This course follows the Common Core State Standards for 2nd grade English. Reading skills are developed and enhanced so that students are able to answer and ask questions such as who, what, where, why, and when about a story. Students will develop an understanding of how the rhythm, structure, and points of view add meaning to a story. Writing skills will also be improved, as students will be asked to state and support opinions, explain how to complete a task, and tell a story with written word. A student’s use of the English language will be improved upon by having the student practice using collective nouns, irregular plural nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. Students will be asked to remember conventions dealing with capitalization, comma usage, apostrophe usage, and spelling patterns when writing. By the end of the course students should have developed better speaking and listening skills, such as building on others’ comments in conversations, asking questions about what a speaker says, being able to tell a story in front of others, and providing complete sentences when asked to clarify a thought or idea. The students should be able to mentally add or subtract numbers in tens or hundreds. Third, the students will learn to use standard units of measurement. They will learn to understand why standard units are important and will practice using rulers and other tools for measurement. Fourth, the students will become proficient at describing and analyzing shapes by counting their numbers of sides and angles. Analyzing two- and three-dimensional shapes to provide a foundation for understanding area, volume, similarity, and symmetry.
The course curriculum is aligned to the common core standards for 2nd grade mathematics. The everyday math curriculum focuses on base-ten notation, counting fives and tens, understanding multi-digit numbers, digits in each place and the addition and subtraction.
While it covers many of the same topics covered in the previous science classes, it expands on these ideas, adding a greater depth of knowledge. Students will learn the basics of force, will explore gravity, and will learn about magnets. They will review the states of matter, while adding an explanation of how a substance changes from one state to another. The students will learn new things about plant an animals, including how they move, how they get food, and what keeps them safe from harm. Students will review the function of key organs in the human body, such as the brain, heart, muscles, and digestive system. In addition, students will learn about how to keep their body healthy through proper food, exercise, and avoiding germs when possible. Students will review the function and motion of the Earth, Moon, and stars. They will also learn about slow and fast land changes and fossils. Finally, the students will learn about weather, including the water cycle, the four seasons, and the types of severe weather they may experience.
It uses the ideas of neighborhoods to introduce and expand upon many different subjects. The class begins by describing what a neighborhood is and how maps and globes are used to describe an area. Next, the way neighborhoods change is used to explain inventions, and how people move via immigration. This leads to a discussion about the first Americans, American Indians, including their homes, food, and culture. The students then learn about the pilgrims and the first Thanksgiving. The class then focuses on the people within a neighborhood and how they work together and live. The students will learn about needs and wants and how different goods and services are provided. Next the students learn about why people work and different types of jobs. The students will learn about money, how to manage it and how to save it. They will also learn about how money is produced and about taxes.